Site analysis is assessing the site and drawing inferences to aid further design conception and implementation.
- The assessment provides the relevant information regarding the environment, natural and artificial features of the site.
- This ought to be used as starting process for the design process.
Site analysis aids in the following ways :
- Avoiding inappropriate design responses
- Legal Applications
- Discovering interrelationships
- Greater efficiency when designing factors
- Neighborhood context
Why there is need to look for location?
- To understand the relation of site with region and their influence on it.
Components of Location:
Why there is a need to study site at State level?
- To study site at regional level which gives information about:
- Historical and cultural aspects
- Seismic zone
Why there is a need to study site at City level?
- To study the site at the local level comprising of following:
- To study immediate or urban context (Paths, Edges, Districts, Nodes, Landmark) to site.
- Street name/ address Approach
What is Neighbourhood context?
- Immediate surrounding and it may include important factor around the site in its proximity.
Why there is a need to look at Neighbourhood context?
- To identify and analyse the various factors in the vicinity that could affect the siteâ€™s built environment.
- Immediate context
What is Immediate context?
- It refers to all activities which are taking place around the site w.r.t allocation and development.
Why there is a need to look at Immediate context?
- To understand the influence of surrounding zoning on site w.r.t users and activities.
What is site and surrounding circulation?
- Movement pattern on and around the site.
Why there is a need to look at site and surrounding circulation?
- To understand accessibility to the site.
Factors of site and surrounding circulation:
- Bus routes
- Traffic generators
- Major, minor streets
What is sensory perception?
- Observation of audio visual stimuli to and from the site and to take its advantage.
Why there is a need to look at sensory aspect of site?
- To judge the relative desirability of sensory conditions on site.
Factors of sensory:
How to study Neighbourhood Context?
- It is hereby explained through a residential site example:
What is climate?
- Mean weather conditions over a period of time
Why there is need to look for climate?
- To harness prevailing climatic conditions for creating comfort conditions
- Protect space and building from prevailing winds, cold and from down pour- rain and snow
- Efficient daylight into space and building
- Shade and exposure to sunlight via openings
- Durability and optimum usage of materials
Components of Location:
- Macro Climate
- Micro Climate
What is macro climate?
- Overall climate of the region.
- Relative humidity
- Wind direction
What is micro climate?
- Immediate local climatic conditions
- Water bodies
- Construction materials
Note:Â Special features like water bodies, green and open spaces near the site affect the microclimate, So allocation of activities on the site should be done accordingly
How to study climate?
- Macro Climate: Climatic information such as rainfall, snowfall, wind directions, temperatures, sun path, all assessed during the different times of the year.
- Micro Climate: To analyse the micro climate according to the occupancy or usage of the project
- Diurnal temperature of the day should be analysed.
B. A School
- The analysis should be done for the first quarter of the day.
Why is there a need to assess the Site?
- To analyse different aspects of site on and around it.
Components of site:
- Size and by laws
- Natural physical features
- Man made features
What includes in size and by laws?
- Dimensional aspects and legal verification of site like Building by laws, Sustainable by laws, etc.
Why there is a need to study by laws?
- To ensure the orderly development of site.
- Sufficient ventilation and air.
- No building blocks the lighting and ventilation of neighbors.
- Health and comfort conditions.
- Built up area
- Restricted height
- Allowable usage
- FAR, BAR
How to study by laws?
- By laws is to be studied from the local government development authority for understanding prevailing by law
What are Natural Physical Features?
- It includes different landforms of site and its characteristics
Why is there a need to look at Natural Physical Features?
- To analyse the placement of different activities of site w.r.t. the existing features.
Components of site:
- Seismic zone
- Flora & Fauna
What is Geology?
- Earth science comprising study of solid earth.
Why there is a need to look at it?
- To assess the nature of soil and in turn the stability of land and its effect on the building.
- Soil type
- Bearing capacity
How to study geology?
- It can be analysed according to type of soil.
a. Coarse Grained Soils (eg. Sands and Gravel)
- As coarse grained soils has good bearing capacity.
- Strip foundation is recommended.
b. Fine Grained Soils (eg. Silts and Clays)
- It has good-load bearing qualities when dry
- Pile foundation is recommended.
What is Topography?
- Slope and level of the land.
Why there is a need to look at Topography?
- To understand allocation of activities w.r.t topography.
Factors of Topography:
- Contour map
- Ridges, Valleys, Slope or flat
- Low point and high point
How to study topography?
- To study topography through different slope of the land.
- One must consider the locations and elevations of different activities on and around the site.
- Catchment areas should be planned accordingly
What is Seismic Zone?
- Seismic zone is a region in which the rate of seismic activity remains fairly consistent
Why there is a need to look at Seismic activities?
- To ensure structure and stability of building depending upon these seismic activities
What is Geohydrology?
- It refers to study of ground water
Why there is a need to look at Geohydrology?
- To analyse the effects of the water table, soil porosity, seepage, soil strength and how it affects the building.
Factors of Geohydrology:
- Groundwater level
- Sources/Modes of water
- Characteristics of water
What is Flora and Fauna?
- Available vegetation like trees, crops etc and living organisms like insects , termites etc
Why there is a need to look at Flora and Fauna?
- To understand the influence of flora and fauna on project development.
What are Man made Features?
- Things that are created or caused by humans rather than occurring naturally on and around the site
Why there is a need to look at Man made Features?
- To understand the influence of man made features for the development of the site
Factors of man made features:
- On site Features which may present on the site.
- Paving patterns
- Power poles
- Off site Features which may available in the nearby surrounding area.
- Electricity poles
- Water lines
- Sewer lines
- Telephone lines
Note :Â Data should be supported with maps, plans, elevations and sections, isometrics or perspective and relevant photographs
Â Â Â :Â All information is pertinent to your project.