Jun 6, 2019
The design and management of parking affects the livability and walkability of any area.
The parking facility or lot must foremost deal with the functional aspect, as in providing for safe and efficient passage of the automobile and driver.
Aesthetical aspects that fulfill the needs and requirements of the users should also be the goal for parking design.
  • Minimizing excessive grading operations and balancing cut and fill.
  • Integrating adequate parking spaces with surrounding facilities and existing circulation patterns.
  • Locating parking areas convenient to building entrances.
  • Separating parking areas of different user groups as required.
  • Preserving sight lines to entries and significant landscape and architectural features.
  • Minimizing negative impacts to the natural environment such as unnecessarily removing mature vegetation or degrading soil stability.
  • Using topography and trees to mitigate negative visual impacts.
  • Preserving and integrating existing mature trees in parking design.

Along with the physical dimension, it is important to know the critical characterstics of the vehicle in motion, particularly when manoeuvring while parking or preparing to load. These characterstics include the clearance and turning radius of a vehicle.
Parking space and drive aisle dimensions are considered in this section.
  • Parking spaces may be parallel, perpendicular, or angled i.e. 300, 450, or 600, to the driving lane, or aisle.
  • Aisle widths vary based on the angle chosen and if they are one-way or two-way. Two-way aisles should be a minimum of 7 meters wide.
  • The area required by each parking configuration will vary. As a general rule of thumb, the closer to 900, the more vehicles can be parked perlinear meter.
For parking configurations in this document, 1 E.C.U. is taken 5m in length and 2.5m in width.