Laminate is a thin decorative surface layer that is usually glued on a substrate to create a countertop.
Manufacturing of laminates
Types of laminates
1 High Pressure Laminates (HPL)
- These laminates are manufactured by attaching decor paper to kraft paper at high pressure.
- These comprise hard decorative panels that possess high durability and strength.
- They are attached to plywood and MDF for making furniture.
2 Low Pressure Laminates (LPL)
- These laminates employ the use of decorative sheets soaked in melamine resin.
- The laminated paper is then directly bonded to Particle boards of fibre boards (MDF and HDF).
1. Regular Laminate Sheets
- The thickness of regular laminate sheets ranges from 0.6 mm to 1.5 mm.
- These sheets are glued to a substrate materials such as plywood.
2. Compact Laminate Sheets
- Their range of thickness is 3mm-30mm.
- Compact laminate sheets are self-supporting, water resistant and highly durable laminates.
1. Decorative Laminates
- These are laminated products primarily used as furniture surface materials or wall paneling.
- Sheets are manufactured in wide variety of colours, patterns and textures.
2. Industrial Laminates
- These laminates possess high resistance to scratches and abrasions.
- They are more durable for industrial applications. They are adopted for use in office furniture, circuit boards, etc.
1. Solid Colored Laminates
- These laminates feature a single solid colour.
- They find use in bathrooms and kitchen countertops.
2. Gloss Finish Laminate
- These laminates feature a lustrous finish, and are used to enhance the appearance of furniture.
- Restaurants and hotels mostly use gloss finished laminates.
- They can be used in kitchens and living area for easy cleaning.
3. Matt Finish Laminates
- These laminates are used to add a smooth and subtle finish, without any shine.
- The effect is generally seen as part of corporate office furniture.
4. Textured Laminates
- They possess surface patterns or textures, that one can touch and feel.
- They imitate the textures of real wood, stone, leather or other materials.
- They are used in wall and floor finishes.
5. Wood Grain Laminates
- Wood grain laminates are designed to resemble natural wood.
- They are widely used to laminate wooden flooring.
6. Metal Laminates
- Metal laminates impart metallic effect to furniture.
- They are used in commercial shops and showrooms.
7. Leather Laminate Sheets
- Leather laminate sheets resemble original leather.
- They are used in cabinets and other furniture and d?cor elements.
8. Digital Laminate Sheets
- These are custom-made printed laminates to fulfill interior requirements.
- These sheets offer ample scope for artistic expression.
1. Fire Rated Laminate
- Special fire resistant resin is used in the manufacture of these laminate.
- They are used for interior decoration in fire prone applications in industries, airports, hospitals, institutions, banks, kitchens, etc.
2. Anti-Bacterial Laminate
- These laminates have anti-bacterial properties.
- These laminates are preferred in hospitals and restaurants to ensure high hygiene levels.
3. Electrostatic Dissipative Laminate
- These laminates provide protection to electronic and other static-sensitive devices from electric charges that could damage them.
- These laminates are used for manufacturing circuit boards, and in hospitals, laboratories, etc.
4. Magnetic Laminate
- These laminates possess strong magnetic effects.
- These laminates can find use in offices and hospitals for holding reports, notice boards etc. and in houses holding photographs and schedules.
5. Marker or chalk board Laminate
- These laminates possess a non porous,lustrous surface which makes it suitable for marker pens for writing and wiping.
- These laminates have extra thickness with abrasion resistant characteristics.
1 Unicore Laminates
- These laminates possess identical surface and core colours, creating a neat and uniform appearance. They are used to cover home furniture, counter tops, shelves, etc.
2 Noncore laminates
- In these type of laminates, the edge of the surface is generally black i.e. wood.
- These laminates are economical than Unicore laminates.
Types of Laminates
|Matt Finish Laminate||Business and corporate environments, living rooms, bedrooms etc. for subtle and stylish appearance.|
|Gloss Finish Laminate||Clubs, industry events, showrooms, shops, kitchens etc. It adds lustre to furniture and is also easily cleaned.|
|Metallic Finish Laminate||Commercial spaces and showrooms.|
|Textured Finish Laminate||Living rooms, decorative elements, business and corporate environments etc. for subtle and classy look.|
|Solid Color Laminate||Kitchen counter taps, bathroom areas, bedrooms etc.|
|Unicore Laminate||Kitchens, bedrooms, commercials and water prone areas.|
Advantages of laminate
1. Eco friendly
- Laminates offer endless recycling possibilities.
- It is partially made of recycled content.
- It is more economical and easy to install.
- It offers hundreds of choices as compared to other synthetic materials.
- Options range from solids to customized ones resembling a variety of textures such as stone, wood, leather, etc.
- Laminate design is subject to endless possibilities.
- It is highly durable, hygienic and quite easy to maintain.
- Laminates are highly scratch and abrasion resistant.
- They have anti-bacterial properties.
- They are moisture impact and shock resistant.
- Laminates can be easily cleaned.
- Laminates do not require painting or polishing.
- It can be installed over almost any existing floor.
- It is easier to install than many traditional surfaces.
Disadvantages of laminate
1. Relatively poor quality
- Veneers offer better quality and richer texture than laminates.
- Laminates are considered to be slightly toxic, as they release certain volatile organic compounds, including formaldehyde.
3. Prone to abrasion
- The whole floor may need replacement if the laminate wears out.
- Laminates are brittle in nature and get chipped easily.
- Laminate flooring may be slippery and compromise safety.