Elements of design Components Types and Characteristics – Blog – The Design Bridge

Elements of design Components Types and Characteristics

Are you an Architect? Want to post your project? POST NOW

Elements of design is the form in order of their growth from :

Point to one dimensional Line, from Line to two dimensional Plane, from Plane to three dimensional Form or Volume.

Components of Element of Design

  • POINT
  • LINE
  • PLANE
  • VOLUME

1. POINT:

  • Indicates a position in space.
  • It has no dimension.
Point can serve to mark:
  • The two ends of a line.
  • The intersection of two lines.
  • The meeting of lines at the corner of a plane or volume.
  • The center of a field.

2. LINE:

  • A point extended becomes a Line.
  • Has only length dimension, but no width or depth.
  • A line, in describing the path of a point in motion.
  • Visually expressing direction, movement, and growth.

Line can serve to:

  • Join, link, support, surround or intersect other visual elements.
  • Define boundary and give shape to the plane.
  • Articulate the surfaces of planes.
  • Create perspective and depth and suggest movement.
The line of sight leads to the point of the origin of the illustrated perspective.

Characteristics of Line:

  • It is seen as a line simply because its length dominates its width.
  • It must have some degree of thickness to become visible.
  • It must have a degree of continuity.

Types of Line:

1. Vertical Line

  • Indicates: Dignity, Strength, Stability
Vertical lines illustrated through tree barks
Crown Hall, Illinois, Chicago, Mies van der Rohe

2. Horizontal Line

  • Indicates: Calm, Peace, Relax
Horizontal lines illustrated through horizon
Villa Savoye , Poisy, France, Le Corbusier

3. Diagonal Line

  • Indicates: Action, Activity, Excitement, Movement
Diagonal lines illustrated through leaves vein
Louvre Museum, Rue de Rivoli, Paris, I. M. Pei

4. Curved Line

  • Indicates: Softness, Sooting, Freedom
Curved lines illustrated through desert dunes
Heydar Aliyev Center, Baku, Azerbaijan, Zaha Hadid

3. PLANE:

  • A line extended in a direction other than its intrinsic direction becomes plane.
  • A plane has length and width, but no depth.

A Plane serves to make:

  • Shape is the primary identifying characteristic of a plane.It is determined by the contour of the line forming the edges of a plane.
  • The supplementary properties of a plane, its surface color, pattern, and texture affect its visual weight and stability.
  • A plane serves to define the limits or boundaries of volume.

Three generic types of Planes:

  • Overhead Plane
  • Wall Plane
  • Base Plane

Examples of Plane:

In Nature:

Triangular Plane illustrated through leave
Circular Plane illustrated through cucumber slice

In Architecture:

National Parliament house, Dhaka, Bangladesh, Louis Kahn
Salk Institute, La Jolla, USA, Louis Kahn

4. VOLUME:

  • A plane extended in a direction other than its intrinsic direction becomes a volume.
  • A volume has three dimensions: length, width, and depth.

All volumes consist of:

  • Points or vertices where several planes come together.
  • Lines or edges where two planes meet.
  • Planes or surfaces that define the limits or boundaries of a volume.

Examples of Plane:

In Nature:

In Architecture:

Add Comment